Marcus Garvey, a political activist and speaker for the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements. His leadership influenced a global mass movement, known as Garveyism. His work called for Black repatriation to Africa, such philosophy inspired both the Nation of Islam and the Rastafari movement.
Born in Jamaica in 1887, Marcus Garvey was involved in promoting the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) which he founded in 1914. In the 1920s Garvey organised the Black Nationalist movement in America.
Teachings of Black self empowerment and powerful speeches were inspirational to every Black Movement of the 20th Century, laying the foundations of Black pride.
Marcus Garvey died in London in 1940, he was returned to Jamaica where he was declared the country's first national hero.